Ceramic Tile: Ceramic tile is the most common tiling used in the world, in offices, store, and homes. It comes in two forms: glazed and unglazed. Unglazed tile is referred to as quarry tile. Ceramic tiles are made from clay and then heated. The glaze, which creates the color of the tile, is added after firing. The glazing process allows for the creation of infinite color combinations.
Quarry (Unglazed) Tile: Quarry tile is unglazed ceramic tile. Inexpensive, durable and natural, quarry tile is also less prone to chips and scratches. The cooler section is not as vast as with other tiles type, but there are several shades of red, orange, brown, gray and more. In residential applications, the quarry is used for kitchens and pathways because it has a naturally coarse surface, making it less slippery than some other surfaces when wet.
Porcelain Tile: Porcelain tile is a type of ceramic tile, but with 2 basic differences; it is made from fine-grained clay and fired at a higher temperature than ceramic. These factors make porcelain tile denser, less porous, and more resistant to moisture and stains. As a result, most porcelain tiles are suitable for both indoor and outdoor installations. Porcelain tiles are hard to cut due to their density and hardness, so the cost and labor involved is often higher. Porcelain tiles are available in matte, unglazed or high-polished finishes.
Tile Mosaics: Tile mosaics allow you to be creative with your tile design. Mosaics are most commonly used for smaller areas, such as a bathroom or kitchen backsplash, or even small counter space areas. Mosaic tiles are usually less than six inches square and made of porcelain or clay composition. Many come in squares, octagons, hexagons or other unique shapes. They are also available in pre-mounted paper or fabric mesh sheets to simplify installation.
Natural Stone Tiles: There are several types of natural stone tiles which are used for flooring, walls and more. These include:
- Granite: Granite has long been popular as a handsome kitchen countertop material, and it is also made into floors, shower walls, and bathroom counters. Granite tiles are naturally antibacterial and aren’t damaged by water contact, making them a great choice for kitchen and bathroom applications.
- Slate: Slate tiles are growing in popularity due to their versatility. They are used outdoors as well as inside the home and are even utilized as roofing shingles. Slate tile is available in several color ranges, from gray to purple to black.
- Travertine: Travertine is a type of limestone. Beige travertine tiles are used for bathroom floors, kitchen backsplashes, shower mosaics, and more. Although travertine tiles are soft and require several coats of sealant, homeowners appreciate their relatively low cost compared to other natural stone.
- Marble: Marble tiles have been used for centuries in homes to create a luxurious, unique look. There are variations in the color of each tile, creating a one-of-a-kind design which many homeowners prize, while others prefer a more consistent look, like ceramic tile. Marble tiles are porous and must be sealed.
- Onyx: Onyx is well known for its creamy, pearl-like look and striking colors. Costly and somewhat fragile, onyx tiles are not a common choice for flooring, but they can make a beautiful, bold design statement.
- Sandstone: Sandstone, which is extremely durable, has a grainy look and feel. Sandstone tiles range in color from yellow to pink and red and are great for kitchen flooring.